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2nd Edition of "The Hamiltons 1762-1862" NOW AVAILABLE



The content of these web pages is based on the 1st edition of my book "The Hamiltons 1762-1862" originally published in 1997

The 2nd Edition was published in 2009 . A 2012 Revised 2nd Edition is now available to coincide with the 175th anniversary of the arrival of the Hamiltons in South Australia in 1837.


Preview and order the book by opening the viewer at the right.

3rd Edition

A 3rd completely revised edition is in preparation and contains corrections and additions to the section on William Holmes Hamilton and the Duke of York, as well as further discussion about the speculated origins of the Hamilton family. Details on the Historia Incognita web page.


4. Richard Hamilton the 2nd

Richard Hamilton and Catherine Spice had a son, also named Richard - Richard the Second. He was born on 18 February 1792 and baptised on 7 March in the same year at the church of St Mary the Virgin in Dover[379]. A daughter, Mary, was baptised on 26 December 1793 and another son, John, on 20 September 1795[380].

A True Blue Education

Richard Hamilton the Second may have been sent for his education to Christ’s Hospital school[381] in London. Later, he sent his son, Henry, there. It might easily be assumed that Richard’s father, Richard the First, his Uncles William and John, the Sea Captain, and brother, John, the Solicitor, also attended the school[382]. Despite the lack of evidence that any of these Hamiltons did attend Christ’s Hospital a slight digression into the history of the school may be of interest.

This school was commonly referred to as the Blue Coat School because of the tradition of the boys wearing long blue woollen gowns. They also wore a red leather girdle around the waist, yellow breeches and yellow stockings, and clergyman's band around the neck. This had been the custom since Edward VI established the institute in 1553 as a school and hospital for orphans and foundlings[383].

Leigh Hunt, who was a student at the school during the late 1700s, later described the uniform:

Our dress was of the coarsest and quaintest kind, but was respected out of doors and is so. It consisted of a blue drugget gown, or body, with ample skirts to it; a yellow vest underneath in winter-time; small clothes of Russia duck; worsted yellow stockings; a leathern girdle; and a little black worsted cap, usually carried in the hand. I believe it was the ordinary dress of children in humble life, during the reign of the Tudors. We used to flatter ourselves that it was taken from the monks; and there was a monstrous tradition that at one period it consisted of blue velvet with silver buttons. It was said, also, that during the blue velvet period we had roast mutton for supper...[384]


Normally a boy could not be enrolled to the school at an age younger than seven and could not remain after turning fifteen, with the exception of the King's boys, those who attended the Mathematics school founded by Charles II in 1672, or the Grecians, those who achieved the highest classes and were eligible for scholarships to Oxford or Cambridge universities.

Up to eight hundred scholars could be admitted to the Blue Coat School, although neighbouring dependent schools in Newgate Street brought the total to twelve hundred.

Each applicant had to be approved by the managing governors - who included the Lord Mayor of London, the aldermen, and twelve common councilmen. However, all noblemen or others who donated £400 or more to the hospital were also eligible to sit on the board of governors.

It is likely that the boys of several generations of Hamiltons attended the Blue Coat School. Arriving there at the age of seven they would have soon settled into the ancient buildings whose walls whispered stories of the past to them. If the buildings themselves did not tell the history of the place, the school masters and older pupils would surely have done so.

The site of Christ’s Hospital was once the convent of Grey Friars which was established there around the year 1225. The friars of St Francis soon replaced their small chapel with a more splendid church in 1327. From that time onwards the church of Grey Friars attracted donations from royalty, nobility and people of high standing in the community. In 1429 Richard Wittington built a great library some 129 feet long for the friars, and then donated £400 towards stocking it with books. The list of donors down the centuries reads like a who's who of English society[385].

Despite the common belief that it was Edward VI who established the Christ’s Hospital school, it was really his father Henry VIII who, having melted down sacramental cups and crucifixes at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries, gave the church of Grey Friars to the City of London to be used for the relief of the poor. For some time the building had been used to store booty taken from the French. Nothing happened for some time but eventually Edward VI confirmed the gift to the people, and took credit for it. Edward died only about a month after signing the charter into effect. However, the deed was done and within six months the old Grey Friars monastery had been restored sufficiently to accommodate 380 impoverished boys.

The Grey Friars churchyard had long supported the belief that it was particularly free of ghosts and demons. It became a popular burial place for the well-placed in society - lords and ladies, dukes and duchesses, knights, monks, even royalty - four queens having been buried there. But, the boys would have been told Queen Isabella was buried with the heart of her murdered husband on her breast. And all true "Blues" would tell the story of how her ghost forever afterwards haunted the cloisters of the school.

In 1545 Sir Martin Bowes, Lord Mayor of London, sold all of these monuments for a pitiful £50!

In 1666 the Great Fire of London destroyed the Grey Friar's church. It was soon rebuilt under the guidance of Sir Christopher Wren. The reputation of the school continued and the list of benefactors continued to grow. Not only did royalty and nobility, and the Lord Mayors of London donate substantial amounts - shoemakers and drapers and men of lesser means also gave annual donations.

In 1673 Charles II established a mathematical school which was intended to instruct boys in the art and science of navigation. Charles provided an annuity of £370 for educating and sending to sea ten boys each year. The boys were entitled to wear a special badge and were annually presented to the king or queen[386].

The donations kept rolling in. Legacies were left for the education of twelve preliminary scholars in navigation. In 1675 the south front of the hospital was rebuilt, and in 1680 the Great Hall - both had been severely damaged in the great fire. In 1683 a preparatory school was established at Hertford. In 1694 a writing school was built and in 1724 Samuel Travers gave the school a legacy for the maintenance of fifty sons of lieutenants with the intention that they be educated for a career in the navy. Some years later John Stock left £3,000 for the education of four children of naval lieutenants - two of whom were to become seamen and two tradesmen[387].

William Pitt Scargill, a former pupil at the Blue Coat School, stated that the boys from the mathematical school were

brought up for sea service and were bound apprentices to Captains in the East India Company’s service, or went as midshipmen on board ships of war; and as the service for which they were destined was one which required hardihood and boldness, they seemed for the most part pretty well prepared for it[388]


Gradually, over the centuries, the school had become one of prestige rather than a charitable institution for the benefit of the poor.

Admission to the school was on the basis of nomination by the board of governors. There were the fixed governors, consisting of the Mayor and Aldermen, and there were also a very large number of so-called presentation governors who had each paid a sum of £500 to the school. While the giving of such a donation was not meant to have the automatic result of the donor being made a governor, and thus having the right to nominate potential scholars, it usually did. Governors, over a period of twelve years, often received benefits in excess of £900[389]. It was commonly known that by the mid nineteenth century the majority of children at the school came from families that could very adequately support them without any need to call on the funds of the charity. One might wonder how the Hamiltons became eligible to attend the school[390].

In 1809, in an attempt to stop the misuse of the school, a court ruling decreed that:

no children of livery servants (except they be freemen of the City of London), and no children who have any adequate means of being educated or maintained, and no children who are lamed, crooked, or deformed, or suffering from any infectious or incurable disease, should be admitted. Also, that a certificate from a minister, church-warden, and three principal inhabitants of the parish be required with every child, certifying its age, and that it has no adequate means of being educated or maintained[391]


Somehow the Hamiltons managed to get around this provision, as did most of the other parents. One contemporary commentator observed:

How far this old rule of the old charity has been carried out, and in what way the rigour of such a binding form has been evaded, it is not for us to say; but one thing is certain, that in spite of the fact that Christ's Hospital was originally intended to educate dependent children, very many of the boys brought up here are the sons of well-to-do gentlemen[392]


It would appear that Richard Hamilton the Second appealed to the charitable intent of the school when he applied for his son Henry to attend Christ’s Hospital in 1835. The presentation paper described him as having a wife and nine children to provide for from the income of his business which “not exceeding £100 per annum, he finds to be inadequate to the maintenance and education of his numerous family”[393]. The question of Richard Hamilton’s wealth, or lack of it, will be discussed in more detail later.

Despite the wealth of some of the parents, there were poor children who attended the school, such as Edward Best “a Poor Blue Coat Boy” of the Parish of St Mary Northgate in Canterbury, who was placed by the Guardians of the Poor into an apprenticeship with Stephen Tolputt, a Peruke Maker and Hairdresser of Dover on 7 August 1794[394].

If the wealth of the parents of students was commonly known, so too was the superior nature of the education provided, with many past students continuing on to gain honours at Oxford or Cambridge. The standing of such past scholars earned them the title of being "true Blue".

In 1825, after twenty-two years of planning, a rebuilding program was begun. John Shaw was the architect, and the Duke of York laid the first stone of the Gothic Revival Great Dining Hall on 28 April 1825[395]. The Great Hall was described as being "a magnificent room second only to that of Westminster"[396].

If Richard Hamilton the Second attended the Blue Coat School he would have commenced in about 1800 and finished in 1807 when he turned fourteen or fifteen. His brother, John, possibly started in 1803. There are, however, no records of Richard or John having been admitted to the school. Nor are there any records of Richard’s sons, apart from henry, having ever attended the school. If they had gone there Richard the Third, would have entered the Blue Coat School in about 1825 when he turned seven; William Holmes Hamilton, in about 1827; and John in 1829. Henry certainly was admitted to the school in 1835[397].

While some went on to become seamen, as did Richard, William and John Hamilton, and we might speculate as to whether they attended the specialist Mathematical School, many of the boys at the Blue Coat School were bound to apprenticeships upon leaving the Christ’s Hospital. As former student William Scargill observed

The great majority of boys receive from the Hospital, if they are bound apprentice to any business, the sum of five pounds...There is also a further sum of five, ten, or fifteen pounds when they have completed the term of their apprenticeship. This they receive upon application at the counting house, and upon testimonials being produced that they have served their time faithfully and truly to the satisfaction of their masters. As there is a specific sum left for the purpose, the amount is proportioned to the number of applicants. It sometimes amounts to as much as twenty pounds, but is never less than five[398].


Questioned as to whether such a sum was sufficient to really help an apprentice, Scargill answered:

to an industrious young man just out of his apprenticeship it may be serviceable. But the number of those who went apprentices was not very great. It was the almost universal ambition of those, who did not go to sea or to college, to be placed as clerks in Merchants’ counting-houses...Persons in business who wanted apprentices, used to make application to the steward at the boys’ dinner time, and the steward used publicly to announce that a person was at the gate in want of an apprentice: and then those boys who felt inclined to the business, went to speak to the applicant. And as some of the boys left the school at fourteen years old, though they were allowed to remain till fifteen, they were generally during the last year catching at opportunities for leaving. But with all that, there were not many answers to applications for apprentices[399].


Apprenticeship and Citizenship
After completing his initial education, possibly around 1807, Richard Hamilton the Second may have learned the trade of Tailor with his father at the business in Strond Street. There is, however, no record of Richard having been admitted to an apprenticeship with anybody in the Dover Apprenticeship Indenture records between 1800 and 1814[400].

Nevertheless, by 1814, he was aged twenty-two, and apparently practising as a Tailor. Like his father, having just married, he applied for the Freedom of the city.

Richard Hamilton the younger of Dovor Tailor the 15th day of April 1814 came before the Mayor and Jurats of Dovor and claimed the Freedom of the said Corporation by birth being the son of Richard Hamilton an Ancient Freeman thereof and was admitted and sworn in[401].


On the same day Thomas Smithett was also sworn in as a qualified tailor[402].

A Freeman was somebody who inherited the full privileges and rights of citizenship of a Municipal Corporation. It was a concept developed in Roman times and carried down through the ages, mainly in the towns rather than in country districts where feudal organization dominated. Freedom of a Municipal Corporation, or acquiring the rights of citizenship, could be gained through inheritance or adoption, or through apprenticeship for seven years to a Freeman of the borough. Originally it could also be obtained through gift or purchase[403].

Under William IV[404] an Act was passed bringing all corporate towns and boroughs under a uniform constitution. This Act introduced the concept of the Burgess. Burgesses were to be listed on the Burgess Roll, but provided that all persons who would have previously been able to acquire the right of voting in elections for members of parliament as Freemen were to be listed on the Freeman's Roll.

The Burgess Roll was made up annually at the end of August. Any male person (later changed to include females) who occupied a house, warehouse, counting house, shop or other building within a borough for that year and for the whole of the previous two years, and was resident within the borough or within a distance of seven miles, was eligible to be enrolled as a Burgess and was entitled to vote for the councillors, assessors and auditors of the borough[405]. As with a Freeman, the Burgess originated with the Roman concept of a Citizen and in England referred to a member of a corporate town.

Richard Hamilton the Second applied for his rights as a citizen of Dover by virtue of the fact that his father was already a Freeman. It may be significant that he applied on the basis of birth rather than apprenticeship. Richard the First had applied by virtue of completing his apprenticeship to Hammond Goldfinch the Tailor, which suggests that Richard the First’s father, James, was never admitted as a Freeman of the Corporation.

John Hamilton, Richard’s brother, had been born in 1795. He possibly attended the Blue Coat School between about 1803 and 1810, and may have gone on to become one of the senior scholars. He subsequently trained as a Solicitor, and on 21 April 1826, upon reaching the age of twenty-one, he also applied for his citizenship rights by virtue of his birth, being the son of the elder Richard[406].

APprenticeship agreement for James Hamilton 1812John and Richard had a cousin, James Hamilton, possibly the son of Adam and Ann Hamilton[407]. On 4 March 1812 James entered into a seven-year apprenticeship agreement with Richard and Edmund Neales of Dover. He was to learn the trade of Cordwainer. Cordwaining was the art of Spanish leatherworking. The interesting thing about this agreement was that James had obtained the consent of his uncle Richard Hamilton to enter the apprenticeship.

Marriage

Six months before gaining the Freedom of the Corporation Richard Hamilton, the Second, bachelor, married Ann Holmes, spinster of Dover Castle at the church of St Mary the Virgin[408].

The description, of Dover Castle, used for Ann Holmes has raised much speculation. Some have suggested she was a daughter of the Governor, or that she was a serving wench. Another suggestion is that she may have been a soldier’s daughter[409]. There were a very large number of soldiers stationed around Dover during the Napoleonic Wars. All very romantic musing but at this stage there has been no clear evidence of her position at the Castle. Most likely it was simply a description used to describe her place of abode - the registers also used the phrase of this parish frequently in the same context.

Ann Holmes

Ann Holmes was the daughter of William Holmes and Elizabeth Read and, although it is not known what William Holmes did, the Holmes family had lived in Kent for many generations and at Dover since before the middle of the 18th century.



On 5 February 1635/6 Henry Holms[410] married Ann Kingsland at St Paul's, Canterbury. One of their children was Edward Holmes who married Ann Ashdown at St Paul’s on 26 October 1663. They, in turn, had a son, also named Edward, who was christened on 19 September 1669. His son, James Holmes, married Ann Collyer on 30 September 1736 at St Mary the Virgin, Dover. One of James and Ann's children was William Holmes.

William Holmes was baptised on 4 November 1743 at Hawkinge. He married Elizabeth Read on 16 August 1776 at St Mary the Virgin, Dover, and they subsequently had several children - James born on 10 May 1777 (he later became a glazier, painter and plumber[411]); Sarah, on 31 October 1779; Ann, in 1782, although she died on 15 January 1783; William Read Holmes, on 11 January 1784; and a second Ann, baptised on 14 October 1789[412].

William Read Holmes became a Cinque Ports Pilot but on 25 December 1836 was drowned while piloting a ship to Gravesend. A severe snowstorm had driven his ship ashore at Shakespeare Bay[413].

It was their youngest daughter, Ann, born in 1789, who married Richard Hamilton on 8 November 1813.

On 17 April 1814, six months after they married, their first daughter was born. She was named Elizabeth Catherine after both of her grandmothers. Then, at regular intervals of two or three years, until 1832, another eight children were born - Richard, named after his father and Hamilton grandfather, on 4 March 1817; the third child was William Holmes, named after his Holmes grandfather, on 9 February 1820[414]; John, after his uncle and great uncle, on 25 January 1822; Sarah, after her aunt, on 20 February 1824; Henry, on 6 January 1826; Anne Jane, on 15 March 1828; Robert, on 25 January 1830; and Alfred, on 27 May 1832[415].

Dover

The Hamiltons lived in Dover since at least 1765 when James and Jane Hamilton took their son John to be baptised at the church of St Mary the Virgin. We might wonder what kind of town Dover was.

In 1851 Charles Dickens wrote A Tale of Two Cities. In Chapter Four he described Dover as it was in the year 1775.

The little, narrow, crooked town of Dover hid itself away from the beach, and ran its head into the chalk cliffs, like a marine ostrich. The beach was a desert of heaps of sea and stones tumbling wildly about, and the sea did what it liked, and what it liked was destruction. It thundered at the town, and thundered at the cliffs, and brought the coast down, madly. The air among the houses was of so strong a piscatory flavour that one might have supposed sick fish went up to be dipped in it, as sick people went down to be dipped in the sea. A little fishing was done in the port, and a quantity of strolling about at night, and looking seaward: particularly at those times when the tide made, and was near flood. Small tradesmen, who did no business whatever, sometimes unaccountably realised large fortunes, and it was remarkable that nobody in the area could endure a lamplighter.


We might wonder whether any members of the Hamilton family did any of that strolling about at night looking seaward at high tide and whether any of them had any share in those unaccountable fortunes.

It has been reported that, after their marriage in 1813, Richard Hamilton the Second and Ann Holmes made their home in the village of Ewell, Surrey[416]. It is possible but as the baptisms of their children took place at the church of St Mary the Virgin, Dover, it seems more likely that it would have been the village of Ewell in Kent if they lived anywhere other than Dover[417].

Did they live at Ewell, less than three miles from Dover[418]? When Richard Hamilton the First was granted the Freedom of the Corporation of Dover in 1788 it was on the basis of his apprenticeship to Hammond Goldsmith[419]. This suggests that he was not eligible on the basis of birth, even though he was baptised at St Mary the Virgin, and that his father, James, was not a Freeman himself. Richard was married, twice, at St Mary the Virgin in Dover and between 1788 and 1797 his children were baptised there. Of course, being married and having children baptised in Dover does not necessarily mean that the family also lived in the town. They may have lived at Ewell.

Ewell was within the municipal boundary of Dover. In 1833 the Town and Port of Dover included the parishes of St Mary and St James, part of the parishes of Charlton and Hougham, and a few acres from each of the parishes of Buckland and Guston. The castle was part of the town and port. On the sea side the jurisdiction of the town extended “to low water mark, and as far as a man on horseback can ride and touch the bottom with a spear”[420].

In 1819 when Richard Hamilton took on William Newland Williams as an apprentice he is listed as being a resident of Dover[421]. In 1822 he is listed as being a Tailor, of Dover, in the Dover Poll Book although no street address is given[422]. By 1823 a Directory listing gives Richard Hamilton, Tailor, at 31 Strond Street, Dover[423].

These Directory entries probably refer to Richard the First as he is listed as practising his trade in Dover throughout the 1820s whenever a new apprentice was taken on[424].

However Richard the Second is also listed as a Tailor at the Dover baptisms of his children, Richard on 25 March 1817; Sarah on 17 March 1824; Ann Jane on 8 April 1828[425].

Snargate Street, Dover Early 1800sThe first and apparently only time that both Richard Hamilton, senior, and his son, Richard junior, are listed as Tailors in Dover is in the 1830 Dover Poll Book. Perhaps they were working as partners. But by 1832 and 1833 there is again only one Richard Hamilton, Tailor, is listed at Strond Street[426]. It is possible that Richard the First died, or retired, around 1831 for, if both were still alive and practising their trade, they should have both been listed[427]. Another possibility is that Richard the First died around 1829 and his son informed the trades directory that the business was now in his name, but inadvertently both names were left in the 1830 directory. This kind of error frequently occurred.

Richard the First’s younger son, John Hamilton the Solicitor, was admitted as a Freeman of Dover on 21 April 1826 on the basis of being the son of Richard Hamilton who was already a Freeman[428]. During that same year he set up a Solicitor’s practice at 119 Snargate Street, next to the Post Office which was at 120 - perhaps a useful location for a Solicitor[429]. He remained at that address until about 1834[430]. By 1835 he had moved to Bench Street, at the other end of Snargate Street, and his brother Richard the Tailor had moved into 119 Snargate Street[431].

Snargate Street

Snargate Street was once the main street of Dover[432] full of attractive residential and business buildings. When William Cobbett visited Dover in the 1820s he thought the place was one of the tidiest coastal towns he had seen. A few years earlier however, L.Fussell said that the streets of Dover were too narrow and that “many of the houses, if not most of them are ill built”. He described the harbour as being narrow and inconvenient and the roads leading to and from the town as “extremely incommodious”[433].

In 1895 Charles Harper described Snargate Street as being

the chief business street of Dover...running parallel with the sea, but now separated from it by the breadth of the harbour and many intermediate alleys, smelling vehemently of tar and stale reminiscences of ocean. Snargate Street is long and narrow, a model neither of cleanliness nor of convenience, and it crouches humbly beneath the towering cliffs which rise on its landward side, cut, carved and tunnelled; honeycombed with stores, forts, and galleries, and grimed with the smoke from the clustered chimneys of the houses below. Other short and frowzy alleys run against the soiled chalk, and end there with whimsical abruptness. Elbow room there is none, and to find it, one ventures upon the Harbour quays, toward the Docks and Basins, where little gangways and iron swing-bridges lead to culs-de-sac, or end in sudden and precipitous descents into the water, causing the unwonted stranger frequently to retrace his steps and to swear freely. But if one avoids these cryptic curse-compelling places, the Harbour is a very interesting place; much more so than the “front” where people walk up and down aimlessly, the women dressed to kill, and glaring at one another as they pass, like strange cats on a roof top. Here, instead is the reality of life, and a variety that is lacking beyond. In the basins floats generally a strange and fortuitous concourse of vessels; schooners, yachts, cutters, hoys, smacks, brigantines, “billy boys”, and steamers of every age, size and trade, from the neat passenger boats, with their decks holystoned to wonderment, to the dirty ocean-tramp, or the inky, wallowing collier; together with other craft whose names are unknown to landsmen[434].


Snargate Street, Dover 2004Snargate Street still exists along the foot of the cliffs near the Western Docks in Dover although the district is much changed since the early 1800s and widespread rebuilding was done after the Second World War. The district today does not appear to be one in which people of high standing in the community would live, but at the time it was probably quite a different area, and was a very suitable location for somebody connected with the sea.

During the 1820s and 1830s members of the Smithett, Cornelious, Taylor and Hamilton families all lived in Snargate Street[435]. Vice Admiral Robert Winthrop also lived in Snargate Street during the 1830s. At the same time, however, there were also members of the Cornelious and Hedgecock families who were living, and dying, at the Dover Poor House[436].

Snargate Street, Dover 1930sThe 1837 entry shows Richard Hamilton still at Snargate Street, but this was crossed out after it was learned that he had emigrated to South Australia[437]. His son, Richard, the Third, was listed at Snargate Street when he obtained his Freedom of the Corporation in 1841[438], although John Fox, a Bookbinder, was operating his business at 119 Snargate Street in 1839[439].

It is not known whether the 119 Snargate Street property was owned or rented by the Hamiltons. A total of 337 property owners signed a petition in the Vestry Minute Books of St Mary the Virgin at Dover between 3 May and 21 May 1831[440]. They were opposed to a government proposal to build a new church and to pay for it on the basis of a rate levied upon property owners. In addition to signing their own names the property owners also listed the addresses of their properties, the nature of their tenure, whether freehold or lease, the rated value, and the occupiers if not themselves. Several members of the Smithett family appear as leaseholders in Limekiln Street and Bulwark Street. William Read Holmes also leased a house in Limekiln Street. However there are no members of the Hamilton family listed either as owners or occupiers. The petition was, of course, voluntary and many would not have signed although many of the signatures towards the end tend to be those who had to sign with a cross. Does this suggest that, after the more literate members of the church signed the less literate had to be somehow persuaded to add their mark?

In 1822 Captain John Hamilton, Mariner, was listed as being a resident of Dover [441]. No actual street address is given in the 1822 Poll Book, but in the same year his sixteen-year-old son, Henry Duncan Hamilton, died. The Parish Burial Register of St Mary the Virgin gives the family address as Snargate Street[442].

By 1839 John Hamilton had moved to 7 Strond Street[443]. In June 1845, upon his retirement, he had the opportunity to move in to the recently vacated London Bank building at number 17 Snargate Street and remained at that address until his death. His son in law, Sir Luke Smithett, continued living in it until his death. By 1907 it was the office of the Dover Standard and still had the original bank vaults in the basement[444].

In 1839 the Pigot’s Directory listed the following businesses in Snargate Street.

- Post Mary Ann Day School

- Prentice William Paris & British Hotel

- Usman John Union Hotel (cnr Union Street)

1 Batchellor G.H. Dover Telegraph

1 Batchellor William Printer, Library & Reading Room, Stationer, Book & Music Seller

2 Batchellor G.H. Dover Telegraph

2 Batchellor William Printer, Library & Reading Room, Stationer, Book & Music Seller

5 Reuben Jacob Slopseller & Fancy Bazaar

6 Burkett Joseph Tailor & Draper

7 Walter John Surgeon

8 Ingram William Fishmonger

9 Webb John Butcher

10 Brown Alexander Wellington Public House

11 Horsnaill William Agent (House), Cabinet Maker , Upholsterer and Ironmonger

12 Lamb & Sons Estate Agents, Auctioneers and Linen Drapers

14 Muddle James Linen Draper and Silk Mercer

15 Rosney Jean Leon Teacher of French & Drawing

15 Sutton William Walter Teacher of Music

16 Peirce Priscilla


16 Fordham Elias Pynn Engineer - Civil

17 Surrey, Kent & Sussex Bank

18 Bates John Hairdresser & Perfumer

18 Symonds Miss Teacher of Drawing and Portrait Painter

20 Nathan Barnard China & Glass Dealer and Fruiterer

21 Brushett George Linen Draper

21 Barkwill Benjamin Tailor & Draper

22 Squier & Son Toy Dealer & Grand Bazaar

23 Squire & Son Basket Maker

23 Smith Joseph Poulterer

26 Friend - Day School

26 Friend Elizabeth Milliner

27 Pascall William Tailor & Draper

28 Winthrop the Misses

30 Brown George Boot and Shoe Maker

30 Brown Ann Frances Milliner

31 Martin John Tailor & Draper

32 Robins Jacob Boot and Shoe Maker

33 Wellard John Tailor & Draper

35 Bean Leonard Tobacconist

36 Handrock David Butcher

37 Hears & Co Ann Milliner

37 Gardener William Painter, Plumber & Glazier

38 Harris Joseph Dentist

39 Westrope William Baker, Confectioner & Pastrycook

40 Bourne Richard

41 Cornell John Boot and Shoe Maker

42 Allen Thomas

43 Bane Ann Brushmaker and Dealer

43 Jell Richard

45 Union Coach Company Coach Service

50 Greenstreet John Boot and Shoe Maker

51 Beecham John Painter, Plumber & Glazier

54 Harvey John Thomas China, Glass & Tea Dealer

55 Lake William Fleece Public House

57 Darby Elizabeth Prep School

59 Rogers Lawrence Linen Draper

60 Polhill Thomas Butcher

61 Robinson Edward Furniture Broker

61 Blackman & Co John Tea Dealer

62 Cornelious William Baker

62 Dray David Butcher

62 Cornelious William Confectioner & Pastrycook

64 Harvey John Thomas Tea Dealer

65 Mascard & Julius Milliner

66 Rigden Thomas Printer, Bookseller, Stationer & Printseller

68 Tomlin Sarah Curling Milliner

69 Mayne Frederick Tailor

70 Smith Daniel Boot and Shoe Maker

72 Dyason Catherine Milliner

76 Crowe Joseph Leonard Boot and Shoe Maker

76 Magnus Samuel Hatter, Tailor and Slopseller

76 Mowll Reynolds Tailor

77 Thorpe William Butcher

77 Hall Kennett Watchmaker, Jeweller & Silversmith

78 Bowles William Johnson Boot and Shoe Maker

79 Fidge Felix Fruiterer

80 Barman Mary Fruiterer

80 Culmer John George Public House

81 Greenland Jeremiah Boot and Shoe Maker

82 Gallant Giles Fruiterer

86 Hendrey Osborn Albion Circulating Library, Stationer, Book & Music Seller, Stamp Seller, Fire & Office Agent

86 Eagle Alex Fire & Office Agent - Eagle

86 Hendrey Osborne Printer and Copperplate

88 Salmon Lydia Hoy Proprietor

89 Bicknell William Baker, Confectioner & Pastrycook

91 Tritton William Confectioner & Pastrycook

91 Garnham Baptist Fishmonger

94 Tritton William Baker

95 Wilkins George Hairdresser

98 Poole, Russell & Alderton Brazier & Tin Plate Workers

98 Poole Russell Ironmonger and Foundry

100 Hearn David Tailor and Tobacconist

101 Ewell John Blacksmith

102 Hopley William Watchmaker, Jeweller & Silversmith

103 Blackbourn John China & Glass Dealer

105 Hoult John Shopkeeper

109 Sibbit Edward

109 Sibbit Edward Surgeon

110 Allen Mrs

111 Graham James Attorney

111 Gravener George Attorney

115 Spice Alice Milliner

115 Spice Thomas Sail Maker

116 Waters Mary Milliner

116 Waters William Teacher of Drawing & Painting

118 Gasson Charles Brushmaker, French Basket Maker and Poulterer

119 Fox John Bookseller, Stationer & Printseller

120 Post Office

121 Morgan John Painter, Plumber & Glazier

122 Michael Ray Poulterer

123 Hogbin Elizabeth Fruiterer

124 West William Eating House

126 Ridley Joseph Auctioneer and Cutler

127 Luckhurst William Watchmaker

128 Stockwell Henry Auctioneer

128 Stockwell Elizabeth & Son Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer and Furniture Broker

129 Atkins William Thomas Boot and Shoe Maker

130 Stiff Mary & Sarah Milliner

131 Cook William Grocer & Tea Dealer

133 Pound George Culmer Tailor & Draper

134 Fells William Confectioner & Pastrycook

135 Rose John Poulterer

141 Marsh John

141 Rutley Thomas Van Proprietor

142 Poderin Charles Surgeon

142 Parker William Alexander Surgeon

143 King Stephanie Milliner

145 Williams Thomas Bookseller, Stationer, Library & Reading Room

147 Atkins William Eleazer Boot and Shoe Maker

148 Goldsmith John Builder and Carpenter

150 Brothers Francis Excise Office

151 Nazer Daniel & Son Hatter

152 Mercer James Linen Draper

153 Elwin Edward Dispensary

153 Barnard David Hardwareman

154 Cavell Thomas Hairdresser

155 Leigh & Co Linen Draper & Silk Mercer

155 Leigh & Co Milliners and Silk Mercers

156 Winter Henry Welland Confectioner & Pastrycook

158 Howland John Auctioneer, Fire & Office Agent - Licensed Victuallers, Grocer & Tea Dealer

161 Williams Thomas Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer & Undertaker

162 Watts Andrew Tailor & Draper

163 Brett James Boot and Shoe Maker

164 LePlastrier Robert Watchmaker

166 Barton Benjamin Boot and Shoe Maker

167 Brewer Samuel Bee Hive Public House and Bricklayer

168 Miller Edward Telling Linen Draper

169 Elgar John Poulterer

170 Bourne John Fishmonger and Fruiterer

171 Barton John Boot and Shoe Maker

172 Terson Thomas Achee Fire & Office Agent - Independent West Middlesex

173 Culmer George Fishmonger

175 Reynolds Samuel Tea Dealer

176 Terson Thomas Achee Fire & Office Agent - Independent West Middlesex

177 Winter Henry Julius Confectioner & Pastrycook

178 Spratt Charles Fruiterer

180 Sankey & Thompson Surgeons

181 Gray George Boot and Shoe Maker

181 Cottrell William China & Glass Dealer

182 Lucas Henry Tailor & Outfitter

183 Smith William Hatter

186 Sims John Grocer & Tea Dealer

187 Carfrae James Brazier & Tin Plate Worker, Ironmonger & Bellhanger

188 Hook George Tailor

189 Barwick Ann Fruiterer

190 Jones Charles

191 Selater Edward Carver & Gilder and Teacher of Drawing

193 Batcheller James Baker

Seafaring Children

The boys of Richard the Second, Richard, William, John and Henry, may have been sent off to London to the Blue Coat School, or to another school, at various times during the 1820s and early 1830s. Henry certainly attended that school from 1835. It may have been intended that Robert, born in 1830, and Alfred, in 1832 would attend the school, but the family left England before they had the opportunity.

This is about half of this chapter. The rest can be found in the book.

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